英语笔记

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Climate change

Climate change refers to the global effects of increased levels of carbondioxide in the atmosphere due to human actions. Climate change has been linked by some expertsto consequences such as extreme storms, rising sea levels and coastal flooding,droughts and water shortages, crop failures and food shortages. 

1. climate [ˈklaɪmət] n.气候; 水土; (社会思想等的)趋势,倾向; 思潮

2. refer to [riˈfə: tu:] 涉及; 指的是; 适用于; 参考

3. increased [ɪn'kri:st] adj.增加的,增强的

4. carbon dioxide [ˈkɑ:bən daɪˈɔksaɪd] n.二氧化碳

5. atmosphere ['ætməsfɪə(r)] n.大气,空气; 大气层; 风格,基调; 气氛

6. due to [dju: tu] 应给予; 由于; 因为

His mistakewas due to youth and inexperience.               

他失误的原因是年轻没有经验。

7. consequence [ˈkɔnsikwəns] n.结果,成果; [逻]结论; 重要性; 推论

This matter is of great consequence to all of us. 

对于我们来说这件事非常重要。

Peter blurted out the news before he considered theconsequence.      

彼得未考虑后果就把消息泄露了。

8. extreme storm极端风暴

extreme [ɪk'stri:m] adj.极端的,过激的; 极限的,非常的; 末端的; (政治上)急进的

n.极端; 困境;

We are working under extreme pressure at the moment.            

目前我们正在极大的压力下工作。

Only a tiny minorityhold such extreme views.   

只有极少数人持这样极端的观点。

9. rising sea level  海平线上升

10. coastal flooding  沿海洪涝

coast [kəʊst]n.海岸

coastal ['kəʊstl] adj.临海的,沿海的; 海岸的

11. drought [draʊt] n.干旱(时期),旱季; 旱灾; (长期的)缺乏; 枯竭

12. water shortage缺水

shortage  [ˈʃɔ:tɪdʒ]n.不足,缺点; 缺少

The city is suffering a desperate shortage of water.         

这个城市严重缺水。

13. crop failure  (庄稼)歉收

14. food shortages 粮食短缺


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